Finance Rookies – Start Here

finance rookies
Finance Rookies

finance rookies

I’ve noticed I haven’t really created a go to page for beginner’s, Rookie’s or Noob’s in the finance world. If you are one congrats, by starting to read about finance’s you are one step closer to being financially wealthy. People in the dividend blogging community probably won’t get much out of this post but are encouraged to share their words of wisdom.

Now I’d like to start off that I am not a pro. I am a average joe that has started figuring shit out. Passive income is the way to go. If you go to my About Me page you would see I’m a married 34 year old Man. I’m a landscaper and I started reading about money in 2011. At the time we had a negative net worth of 7k. We loved Debt. One day I realized we work so much but really didn’t have much to show for it. I read book after book and learned a lot. I hope my past will help guide you to a better financial future.

Sadly we all went to elementary, middle and high school. One thing they decided not to teach us (even know it’s probably the most important) is finance’s. Nothing about managing your money and no tax skills. For some reason the governments decided to start us out of the gate without the knowledge everyone must have! Can you imagine a world where everyone is wealthy? It really isn’t that far fetched. Economies long term would be way stronger and charities would have a abundance of money to help people/animals/cures or even solve real world problem’s. Less people on welfare etc more jobs, oh but the banks wouldn’t be as profitable since there would be less loans.

Debts

finance rookies

Alright let’s do this. You want to learn something right? Most likely you stumbled on my site from a search engine or by clicking on my imitation Fabio picture of me. When I started our finance journey we decided to actually sit down and write down all our debts. (don’t leave any out, your only fooling yourself) Me and the wife had about 60-70k of debt not including mortgage. Credit cards, line of credits, car loans and student loan debt. That made me sick to my stomach as well as hers.

It also ate about $1700 a month in minimum payments. (Remember not including the mortgage) Shit that’s where our money is going! So if we wanted a substantial raise we had to eliminate our debt. SIMPLE. It’s really that easy folks. I was 29 when we started. Now wanna see some math? If I invested that $1700 we were wasting every month for the next 31 years. (I’d be age 60) and let’s say we averaged 8% a year. At age 60 I would now have $2,607,236.48. Is that new car worth that much? Do you need that double cheese whooper that much? (OK bad example I love whooper’s too) Remember by eliminating that original debt and investing what you were spending, you haven’t changed your lifestyle at all!



 

Dave Ramsey

I did the Dave Ramsey system to eliminate our debt’s. It’s in his Book – The Total Money Makeover. Its easy write down all your debts ignore the interest rate. Make a list from smallest debt to largest ie 500 credit card – 1400 credit card – 5600 – car loan. Now put the minimum payments beside each item. Make all payments as normal but all extra money you can put to the lowest debt you do until its paid off. Now move that minimum payment to the next lowest debt, therefore increasing that payment. Rinse and repeat until you are debt free. Good luck. It took us about 2 years but I did whatever side job I could to throw money at it. When you pay something off cancel that credit card or loan etc. Also go out for dinner or something and reward yourself. Your awesome Gold Star!

Spending

The world is setup for you to spend your hard earned money. (Look at this site it even has ad’s to get you to buy stuff) haha! I’m here to say don’t. No I’m just kidding. I’m not that hardcore, I believe in enjoying your life now before you get old/sick/unhealthy. Now that doesn’t mean go on that world traveling trip you had planned. Your most likely not that rich! Not Yet!

The coffee a day habit does really add up. $1.50 per day plus you most likely get a honey cruller or honey glaze to go with it. Now your at $2.50 a day plus that drive through lineup is long every morning. 2.50 x 5 (work days) = 12.50 per week x 4 weeks. 50 bucks a month. That’s a Enbridge stock every month. huh? Did I lose you? Enbridge is a dividend stock it pays you 60 cents per share you own 4 times a year. Now if you owned that you would earn $2.40 per year for the rest of your life if you didn’t sell it. Oh but Enbridge, likes raising their dividend too! Over the past 20 years, they have increased their dividend by 11.2% per year.

Passive Income

This is what I’m talking about when I talk about passive income. You do nothing but sit back and collect money. That coffee a day seems more expensive now doesn’t it. You are essentially taxing your future. I like my maxwell house coffee, its way cheaper and no line ups!

This is just a small example, you can do whatever you want. But if you start looking at your purchases in this light it changes things. One of my goals as a kid was to have a Lotus car when I was 35. I could now but I now think its a dumb buy. I would rather have that money working for me than a depreciating asset that I drive to impress people I don’t even know! Also a sweet lotus in the garage would force me to upgrade the garage now. The wife would want a nicer car etc etc its never ending!

Investing

Alright, you are now debt free and have the money to start investing for your future. High five! I like very much…. There are a tonne of options out there. Real estate, businesses, Stocks, Etf’s, Gic’s, solar panels etc etc. I think for a starter who doesn’t have much money, stocks are the best option. While there are ways out there most investments cost more startup money. Stocks really don’t. I’m with rbc direct investing and its just 9.95 per trade. (A trade is when you buy or sell a stock) When I started my minimum purchase was $500 now it’s $1000. It’s completely up to you but remember that trading fee does effect your overall returns.

Dividend Stocks

I personally like dividend stocks, simply for the fact that they pay me for owning a part of their company. Remember this is a passive income website. Some people prefer to go for companies that stock price will increase dramatically (Growth stocks). You will not be bringing any money in from these stocks unless you sell. That’s too much work, my kid wants to constantly play I can’t always be watching the stock market.

Dividend stocks pay you a certain amount either monthly or quarterly sometimes even yearly. Companies offer various dividend yield’s. For example a company offering a 5% yield will give ya 50$ per year for every $1000 invested in them. This may not sound like much but over time it adds up fast. There are a lot of stocks that have paid consistently for over 100 years. There are a bunch that have raised their dividend payment each year for over 50 years. It’s pretty safe to say if you are a long term investor you will do alright. Feel free to check out my current dividend Portfolio for ideas, but remember do your own research first. I can’t be held responsible for what the stock does.

Canadian Account’s

Canadian’s have 2 tax advantaged accounts to choose from with investments. The Tax free savings account aka TFSA or the Retirement Savings Plan Aka RRSP. If you could work on only one first I think the tfsa is the way to go as ALL gains inside the account are tax free! ALL GAINS! The rrsp will give you a tax refund for what you contribute that tax year but will tax you in the future for everything you pull out at your future tax rate. Ie you do really well and buy 7000 dollars worth of stock in each your tfsa and rrsp. 40 years later both accounts have a million dollar portfolio. The TFSA you can pull out at any time and dont pay a cent on all that money. The rrsp will tax the entire 1 million. I pay enough taxes, screw that! The biggest advantage of the rrsp is the purchase of us companies. The tfsa doesn’t offer you the same benefits as they want you to keep your money in the Canadian market.

RESP

If you have kid’s I think a RESP is a must. The Registered Education Savings Plan. The government of Canada will match 20% up to 500$ per year per kid for post secondary education. Everyone says college and university are expensive now just imagine 20 years from now!

Conclusion

Again there is a tonne of investment options out there, I can try to write about them all here but I’m not that experienced in the other options. The only real estate I own is my personal residence, but I have friends with rentals who do really well with minimal work. Solar Panels we are still in the process of. I think everyone should have their own Website though its a great way to add a little extra income. For more ideas to supplement your income check out my list of Passive Income Ideas.

I wish you all the best, If you are serious about changing your finance’s I know you can. Every dollar does count. It seems slow investing at the start and then the snowball starts picking up some traction. Check out some other Blogger‘s to learn more as well.

Cheers!

 

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