Registered Retirement Savings Plan – RRSP
Registered Retirement Savings Plan – RRSP
The RRSP or more commonly referred RSP (Retirement Savings Plan) these days, was introduced in 1965. The purpose was to create a account for retirement. ( TFSA wasn’t around until 2009) RRSP’s can hold various investments as well including gics, stocks, mutual funds, savings accounts, foreign investments, bonds and income trusts.
Start to Finish
You can start depositing to a rrsp account as soon as you earn a income and report it to the Canada Revenue Agency. You can contribute to your RRSP until December 31st of the year you turn 71. At that time you must convert your rrsp to a RRIF (Registered Retirement Income Fund)
You can contribute up to 18% of your earned income each year, up to your annual limit. Canadian’s generally have a lot of remaining contribution room from previous year’s and that can be contributed as well if you get a nice lump sum of money. (We are currently thinking of refinancing our mortgage to take advantage of this) To find out your total limit to contribute check out your Notice of Assessment on the Canada Revenue Agency’s website.
Canada has 5 different Federal personal income tax brackets (2017 Rates)
- first $45,916 15%
- over $45,916 up to $91,831 20.5%
- above $91,831 up to $142,353 26%
- over $142,353 up to $202,800 29%
- in excess of $202,800 33%
We also have Provincial Taxes on Top Too
Each provinces rates are different. Check Your provincial rates here
I’ll use Ontario’s 2017 tax rates as a example, since I live here
- 5.05% on the first $42,201 of taxable income
- 9.15% on the next $42,203,
- 11.16% on the next $65,596,
- 12.16% on the next $70,000,
- 13.16 % on the amount over $220,000
Add these percentages to your federal rate to come up with your total taxable percentage.
Lets do an Example. Say you live in Ontario and you make $90,000 a year. You are in the 20.5 federal rate and the 11.16% provincial rate. Bringing your current tax rate to 31.66%. So if you contributed $15,000 to your rrsp this year, you would get $4,749 back when filing your 2017 tax return. There are a bunch of tax calculators out there, play around with them.
It would be a good idea for the person in the highest tax bracket to max out their RRSP before contributing to your spouse’s. If you have some work rrsp match or anything definitely do that. Free money always wins. If your in the bottom tax bracket it’s probably a good idea to max your tfsa first, because you will be in the same tax bracket come retirement and now all the money you made on your investment is getting taxed as well. Also if you feel you will be moving up in tax brackets soon maybe wait until that promotion to receive more taxes back come tax time.
Spousal RRSPs were designed so that incomes could be split in households where one party earns significantly more than the other, reducing the overall income tax bill. The higher income partner contributes to the spouse’s RRSP, and later, when that spouse withdraws income – as long as certain waiting-period rules are met – that cash is attributable to the lower earning spouse, who is likely in a lower tax bracket.
Generally speaking I wouldn’t withdrawal any money from a RRSP before retirement, You will have to pay income taxes on those funds. (at your current rate) You will also permanently lose that contribution room you used to make that contribution. There are 2 times where you could definitely could though.
First Time Home Buyers Plan
We personally did this, RRSP holders can use the First Time Home Buyers’ Plan, which allows for a maximum of $25,000 to be withdrawn tax free, with 15 years to repay it back into the RRSP
Lifelong Learning Plan
Those going to school can take out $10,000 tax free per year over two years as part of the Lifelong Learning Plan, with 10 years to pay it back.
Differences Between a TFSA and RRSP
The main difference between a tfsa and rrsp is the tfsa contributions are made from already taxed money, and you can withdraw from your tfsa at any time. While the RRSP credits the taxes paid on every dollar you contribute to an eligible RRSP account back come tax time. One big advantage over the TFSA is foreign dividends don’t get a withholding tax on them.
All the money made in the RRSP grows tax free until you start withdrawing your money. At that time you will be taxed at your current tax rate. Generally speaking you should have a lower tax rate because you are no longer working. If you plan to be making more money in retirement than you currently do (ie Real estate Empire) the tfsa would be a better retirement account for you.
The Retirement Savings Plan is just another great tool the government has created to promote saving for the future. I think if you use the RRSP and TFSA together you will have a fantastic financial future!
What do you max out first? The tfsa or RRSP. Personally we have changed our minds and decided to focus on the rrsp at the moment. It would be great to diversify our portfolio more. The money back at tax time would probably be contributed to our tfsa account.